The art and craftsmanship
of the Sumerians was a thing to behold. They
worked in gold and lapis as well as clay and wood. They made
jewelry and small statues from gold and lapis. They made intricate
chairs from wood and reeds. They made musical instruments.
They made incredible pottery. And they made mosaics.
Archaeologists have found partial remains of some of their mosaics, which
appear to be portraits of animals and people, as well as geometric
patterns. The thing that they did best was pottery. Their
pottery was so good that they used it as a money system, trading pottery
for food and other items.
Babylonians were the next great Mesopotamia civilization.
They built on top of the remains of some of the cities of Sumer.
They too worked in gold, lapis, wood and clay. They too made
jewelry, musical instruments, small statues, intricate chairs, weapons,
and mosaics. They continued the art of pottery. To the arts
and crafts of the Sumerians, they add massive sculpture, which they
created to represent and honor their gods.
The third great Mesopotamian civilization,
Assyrians, were different. They did not create the small statues and
objects of art as the Sumerians and the Babylonian people did.
They created murals and paintings that showed them fighting or
hunting. Their murals showed how the royalty lived. We can
tell a lot about their daily life from the activities shown in these
paintings and murals.
Interactives - Ancient Mesopotamia
- The Royal Standard of Ur - tells us a lot about daily life and
inventions like the wheel, the cart, the helmut!
- Tells us about ancient Mesopotamian weapons and clothing
Artifacts displays life in ancient Mesopotamia