About a thousand years after the ancient Sumerians
settled in the land between two rivers, two new civilizations arose.
One was the warrior civilization of the Assyrians
in northern Mesopotamia.
The other was the ancient civilization of Babylonia.
Babylonia was located in southern Mesopotamia, near the Persian Gulf.
Babylonia had a long history. The people achieved a high level of
3500 years ago, Babylon was an impressive place. It was
a massive walled city, with a network of canals and vivid green crops.
Even from a distance, visitors could see the top of the 300-foot high ziggurat
long before they reached the huge city gates.
One of the most impressive sites was Procession Avenue,
the street that led into the city. Huge brick animals were positioned
along both sides of the avenue. The avenue passed under the Ishtar
Gates, the elaborate gate to the walled city. The gates were designed
with dragons and bulls in honor of the god Marduk.
Once inside the walls that protected the ancient city of
Babylon, visitors and traders found many wondrous things to buy, like
fresh fruits and vegetables, baked breads and cheese, warm coats, gold
jewelry, and date wine.
Inside the wall, life teemed. There was no
suburban or country living in ancient Babylon. The people had homes
inside the walls of the city. Homes were comfortable. Even the very
poor, who lived in tiny townhouses, typically had three levels of living
Once you reached your home, it was spacious and
comfortable. But sometimes, it was hard to get home. Inside the
wall, the streets were narrow and unpaved. Streets or alleys
provided access to everyone's front door. People threw their trash
out their front door. Now and then, the city covered the streets with a
new layer of clay. This buried the trash, but made the level of the
street higher. To get inside their homes, people had to build
steps down to their front door, or fill in the space between the new
street and punch in a new door.
We also know about the great king Hammurabi.
Babylonian culture was based on law. Everybody had to obey the
law. Hammurabi wrote down and unified all the laws of ancient Babylonia
so that everyone had to obey the law equally, rich and poor alike.
The ancient Sumerians worshiped Marduk, but to the
ancient Babylonians, Marduk was the most important god of all. When
declared Babylon to be the capital of Babylonia, he built the city of
Babylon in Marduk's
Babylonia religious activities were centered around the
temple, the ziggurat.
Like the Sumerians, the Babylonians held elaborate festivals and had
many different kinds of priests. Their priests spent most of their time
driving away evil spirits.
Babylonia was a fascinating place with its comfy homes,
fair laws, flourishing crops, and gloomy
Marduk Became King of ALL the Gods
- The Big Myth, Creation Story (Narrated, told in story form)
Gardens of Babylon
Story of Aplum and the Extra Month
Tablets of the Past
Life, Government, Invention, Religion
Sumer, Babylon, Assyria Clipart for Kids & Teachers
Mesopotamia Lesson Plans for Teachers
Presentations about Ancient Mesopotamia
to Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids