The people of Sumer were divided into four classes - the priests, the upper class, the lower class, and the slaves.
We do not know if you could transfer between classes if you got wealthy
or if you were stuck in your class.
Priests were very powerful and important.
They told people how to behave to keep the gods happy. Priests in
Sumer were also the local doctors. If you
got sick, you sent for a priest. The priests shaved their heads so
that everyone knew they were priests.
The Upper Class:
Both men and women wore jewelry. Men wore
long hair and long beards and wore a skirt type garment. Women
wore long dresses with one shoulder bare. In
the colder months they all wore cloaks made from wool to keep
The Lower Class:
The working class wore the same type garments as the rich only
theirs were not of the same materials. They too wore jewelry
although theirs was not made of gold or precious
Sumerians did keep slaves. When they
defeated another town or tribe in battle they would bring back the
prisoners as slaves. The king and the priests kept most slaves,
but wealthy Sumerians could buy slaves to work for them.
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