may read on the web that ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed "The
Fertile Crescent". It is true that ancient Mesopotamia is
located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile
The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon,
Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern
Mesopotamia. It is a big place.
Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient
Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is
now southern Iraq. It covered an area about 300 miles long and about 150
The word Mesopotamia actually means (in
Greek) “the land between the rivers.” The two rivers referred to by
the ancient Greeks are the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
Why would anyone wish to build a
civilization in the middle of the desert in what is now lower Iraq?
Because it was a great place to live!
In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is
fertile. There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streams are fed from the
hills and mountains of the region.
In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is
mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees
Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the
Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons.
It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.
thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between
two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well
fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe.
These early people settled down, invented a system of irrigation, and
began to farm
of the Land Between Two Rivers
Life, Government, Invention, Religion
Sumer, Babylon, Assyria Clipart for Kids & Teachers
Mesopotamia Lesson Plans for Teachers
Presentations about Ancient Mesopotamia
to Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids