Ancient Mesopotamia is
included in a part of the world that was called "the fertile crescent". Civilizations arose here because it was easy to
grow food here. With the relative ease of food production, people settled down in
place, population grew, and towns and cities were built.
The Fertile Crescent includes the modern day countries of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine,
Mesopotamia was located in what is
now southern Iraq. It was between two rivers, the Tigris and
Euphrates. In fact, the word Mesopotamia is Greek meaning "the
land between the rivers".
In Mesopotamia, the land is very fertile.
In the Northern part of Mesopotamia, there are rivers and streams that
are fed from the mountains. In addition, there is a rainy season
that helps water the soil. While the southern region is much
hotter and dryer, the two large rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates, allow
irrigation. The land between the rivers was filled with wildlife
and edible vegetation making it an attractive area for early man to move
in to. Once they figured out how to grow crops there, civilization
of the Land Between Two Rivers
of Mesopotamia for Kids
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