The civilization that grew in Mesopotamia was named after one of its more famous cities, Sumer. They started out as small villages and towns that were agricultural in nature, with of course some hunting and fishing, and gradually grew into great walled cities that traded amongst themselves as well as with other people. People who settled down and began to develop a civilization, in the land between two rivers, are known as the Sumerians.
The ancient Sumerians developed and invented many of the important tools they used to create their and later civilizations. They put wheels on carts and probably invented the sail for sailboats. They developed the very first written language, cuneiform. They may have invented kilns for bricks and plows for their fields. They are credited with inventing many other tools and implements to help with building and farming.
They certainly invented and used a system of math based on the number 60. Today we still divide an hour into 60 minutes, and put 360 degrees into a circle. And amazingly enough, we still use some of their words today, words like crocus, which is a flower, and saffron which is both a color and a spice.
Follow the links below to learn more about daily life in ancient Sumer.