Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria
Meet the ancient Mesopotamians - the early people who invented the first sailboat, the first super hero, the first four level homes, the first war helmets, the first written language, the first written laws, and the gloomiest gods. They were the first farmers and invented the wheel to help them farm and trade!
Thousands of year ago, there were three major civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia - ancient Sumer, ancient Babylon, and ancient Assyria. The Sumerians are known as the inventors; the Babylonians as the builders; the Assyrians as the warriors. Sumer was first, in the south. Babylon in time took over. The northern region was dominated by the Assyrian culture. Collectively, these three civilizations were the first real civilizations in ancient times. That's why ancient Mesopotamia is nicknamed the Cradle (or birth) of Civilization. It's other nickname is "the land between two rivers".
Ancient Mesopotamia covered an area that was about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. The villages, towns and cities in ancient Mesopotamia were built between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. These two rivers flowed into the Persian Gulf. With all this water, it's no wonder the ancient Mesopotamians invented the first sailboat.
The people in the south made beautiful pottery and built two-level, three-level, and even four-level homes of sturdy sun-baked brick. Some of their art was absolutely beautiful, especially on buildings, some reflected their life and their heroes. They believed that contracts, once signed, were binding and that all people were equal under the law. The people in the north under Assyrian rule were warriors. Their art reflected triumph in battle. They had some gods in common, but for all, worship of their gloomy gods was a big part of daily life. Assyria would have liked Babylon to be leveled, and Babylon would have liked Assyria to disappear, but in spite of how different they were, they somehow managed to mostly get along.
Welcome to ancient Mesopotamia!
Geography, History, Government
Deities, Legends, Inventions
Games! Stories & Interactive Games
Free Use Lesson Plans
Free Use Activities and Projects
Free Use Cartoon Clipart
Free Use PowerPoints
With great excitement, we are pleased to announce
Mr. Donn and
Maxie's Ancient History PowerPoints Series
Written by Lin & Don Donn,
illustrated by Phillip Martin, Published by Good Year Books
Mr. Donn and
Maxie's Always Something You Can Use Series
Written by Lin & Don Donn, Published by Good Year Books